Employers Guide

GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS AND INDIVIDUALS [ An evaluation of hydraulic hazard exposure ]

This information does not itself determine compliance responsibilities. Interpretations may change over time; for additional guidance on exposure classifications you should consult current administrative interpretations and decisions by occupational health and safety professionals with specific knowledge of hydraulic related hazards.

Many occupational Standards and regulations explicitly require the employer to train employees in the safety and health aspects of their jobs. OH&S standards make it the employer’s legal responsibility to limit certain tasks to employees who are “certified”, “competent” or “qualified” – meaning that they have had special previous training to perform specific duties and are made aware of related hazards. Training must be part of every employer’s safety and health program for protecting workers from injuries and illnesses. Research concludes that those who are new on the job have a higher rate of incidents and injuries compared to more experienced workers.

The International Hydraulic Safety Authority has developed voluntary training guidelines to assist employers and personnel in providing safety and health information needed to work at reduced risk to themselves and the environment.

The development of the guidelines can assist employers in their efforts to meet the training requirements in current or future occupa,onal safety and health standards.

IHSA does not intend to make the guidelines mandatory. And they should not be used by employers as a total or complete guide in training and education.

Health and safety training should be provided before incidents occur. Hydraulic Safety training covers both general and specific safety issues surrounding hydraulic related procedures, too the mere hazards of unrelated exposure. Similar to any other training, Hydraulic Safety training would be repeated if an incident or near miss incident occurred.


Employers are oTen faced with the problem of deciding who is at risk of incident from exposure to hydraulic systems. Who is in greatest need of information and instruction. One way to differentiate between employees who have priority needs for training and those who do not is to identify the occupation and the employees’ specific duties which are at higher levels of risk. The nature of the duties and tasks performed will provide an indication that such employees should receive priority for information on hydraulic safety.


One method of identifying employees at high levels of occupational risk is to identify hazardous occupations. Even within hazardous occupations some personnel operate at greater risk than others.


Narrowing down ones exposure to hydraulic hazards maybe achieved through the design of a task or job hazard analysis. However futile, should the individual performing the analysis not be competent in understanding the hazards of hydraulics ?


In an aXempt to assist employers, it maybe first necessary to determine whether hydraulic systems are used in your facility. It should be also determined if hydraulics systems are utilized by employees outside your facility. In the case of uncertainty, it maybe necessary too consult with others within the company, or by utilizing consultants who can determine the use of hydraulics by your facility.
Supervisors of employees, who are identified as having exposure to hydraulic systems, regardless of the level, should receive priority training in either Exposure Level or High Risk Maintenance level hydraulic safety training. Supervisors, Human Resource, and Safety Coordinators are encouraged to speak with an IHSA representative to determine their level of training. Consulting and training of key personnel such as supervisors, human resource, and safety coordinators is a proactive method which intern will result in determining training level requirements of all employees.

The IHSA training courses are not designed and developed as prerequisites to one another. The Exposure level course is a derivative of the High Risk Maintenance course, a hierarchy of knowledge relates these two courses.

A few simple questions to help determine the level of training to be incorporated ;


A). Use hydraulics in our facility for plant processes.
B). Have mobile or construction equipment.
C). Have personnel that maintain equipment that utilizes hydraulics.
D). Have employees who work within 1 meter of a hydraulic system or component.
E). Have personnel who operate equipment that utilizes hydraulics, in public areas.
F). Operate hydraulic equipment in fragile ecosystems.
Once the employees training needs have been identified; the employee should enrolled in the best suited level of training.
This guideline is intended to help determine exposure to hydraulic hazards in the workplace. Consider hydraulics hazards do exist outside the workplace. For example; a bank teller will rate in the green, having liXle to no occupational exposure in the workplace, however outside the workplace some are exposed to tractors, lawnmowers, wood spliXers, jacks, steering and tilt on boats, brakes on vehicles, and rental equipment, all utilizing hydraulics.

Maintenance, reliability, ethical choices, and knowledge play a substantial roll in risk reduction.


  • Do you operate hydraulic equipment
  • Do you operate fork liTs or elevating devices
  • Do you work on heavy construction
  • Do you drive delivery trucks
  • have sat in a hair dresser/barber chair
  • Do you travel in elevators of less than 5 floors
  • Do you service automated equipment
  • Do you operate farm equipment
  • Have you ever used a wood splitter
  • Do you make hydraulic hose assemblies
  • Do you repair industrial equipment
  • Do you frequently pass hydraulic equipment
  • Is hydraulics used in you work place
  • Have you driven through automatic car washer
  • Will hydraulic equipment be at your next place of work
  • Do you rent equipment
  • Have you driven past construction and agriculture equipment on public roadways
  • Have you been on amusement rides
  • Do you service and maintain aircraft
  • Do you work in a marine environment
  • Are you a supervisor or manager
  • Do you manage plant/site operations
  • Are you a health and safety officer
  • Are you responsible for site/plant orientations
  • Do you make company purchases
  • Does your company have environmental policies
  • Do you understand the functions of the equipment your personnel operate and maintain
  • Are you licensed under the province in a trade
  • Who is responsible for you actions and your safety
  • Are you a safety consultant who performs prestart health and safety reviews

Educational requirements based on level of exposure to a hydraulic Hazard.
The following 520 occupations are occupations listed in the Canada Immigration data base. Job descriptions and duties vary throughout an occupation, therefore the titled occupation alone is not to determine your exposure to hydraulic systems. This rating is only acts as a guide which scales the less likely to most likely.

GREEN SCALE LESS LIKELY : Hydraulic hazard exposure; an individual does not work within 1 meter of a hydraulic system.

YELLOW SCALE MEDIUM RISK : Hydraulic hazard exposure; working within 1 meter of a functioning hydraulic system. Operating hydraulic equipment. Possible contact with fluids.

RED SCALE MOST LIKELY : Hydraulic hazard exposure; maintaining and repairing hydraulic systems and components. Physical contact with hydraulic components and fluids. Tasks which include design, assembly, commissioning, decommissioning, demolition of equipment which utilize hydraulics.


Accounting and Related Clerks (NOC 1431) Actors and Comedians (NOC 5135) Administrative Clerks (NOC 1441) Administrative Officers (NOC 1221) Administrators – Post-Secondary Education and Vocational Training (NOC 0312) Aerospace Engineers (NOC 2146) Agricultural and Fish Products Inspectors (NOC 2222) Agricultural and Related Service Contractors and Managers (NOC 8252) Agricultural Representatives, Consultants and Specialists (NOC 2123) Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors (NOC 2271) Air Trafic Control and Related Occupations (NOC 2272) Air Transport Ramp Attendants (NOC 7437) Aircraft Assemblers and Aircraft Assembly Inspectors (NOC 9481) Aircraft Instrument, Electrical and Avionics Mechanics, Technicians and Inspectors (NOC 2244) Aircraft Mechanics and Aircraft Inspectors (NOC 7315) Airline Sales and Service Agents (NOC 6433) Ambulance Attendants and Other Paramedical Occupations (NOC 3234) Announcers and Other Broadcasters (NOC 5231) Aquaculture and Marine Harvest Labourers (NOC 8613) Aquaculture Operators and Managers (NOC 8257) Architects (NOC 2151) Architectural Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2251) Architecture and Science Managers (NOC 0212) Archivists (NOC 5113) Artisans and Craftspersons (NOC 5244) Assemblers and Inspectors, Electrical Appliance, Apparatus and Equipment Manufacturing (NOC 9484) Assemblers, Fabricators and Inspectors, Industrial Electrical Motors and Transformers (NOC 9485) Assessors, Valuators and Appraisers (NOC 1235) Athletes (NOC 5251) Audio and Video Recording Technicians (NOC 5225) Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists (NOC 3141) Authors and Writers (NOC 5121) Automotive Mechanical Installers and Servicers (NOC 7443) Automotive Service Technicians, Truck and Bus Mechanics and Mechanical Repairers (NOC 7321) Babysitters, Nannies and Parents’ Helpers (NOC 6474) Bakers (NOC 6252) Banking, Credit and Other Investment Managers (NOC 0122) Banking, Insurance and Other Financial Clerks (NOC 1434) Bartenders (NOC 6452) Binding and Finishing Machine Operators (NOC 9473) Biological Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2221) Biologists and Related Scientists (NOC 2121) Blacksmiths and Die Setters (NOC 7266) Boat Assemblers and Inspectors (NOC 9491) Boat Operators (NOC 7436) Boilermakers (NOC 7262) Bookkeepers (NOC 1231) Bricklayers (NOC 7281) Broadcast Technicians (NOC 5224) Bus Drivers, Subway Operators and Other Transit Operators (NOC 7412) Business Development Officers and Marketing Researchers and Consultants (NOC 4163) Butchers, Meat Cutters and Fishmongers – Retail and Wholesale (NOC 6251) By-Law Enforcement and Other Regulatory Officers, n.e.c. (NOC 6463) Cabinetmakers (NOC 7272) Cable Television Service and Maintenance Technicians (NOC 7247) Camera, Platemaking and Other Prepress Occupations (NOC 9472) Cardiology Technologists (NOC 3217) Carpenters (NOC 7271) Cashiers (NOC 6611) Casino Occupations (NOC 6443) Central Control and Process Operators, Mineral and Metal Processing (NOC 9231) Chain Saw and Skidder Operators (NOC 8421) Chefs (NOC 6241) Chemical Plant Machine Operators (NOC 9421) Chemical Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2211) Chemists (NOC 2112) Chiropractors (NOC 3122) Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2231) Civil Engineers (NOC 2131) Cleaning Supervisors (NOC 6215) Coaches (NOC 5252) Collectors (NOC 1435) College and Other Vocational Instructors (NOC 4131) Commercial Divers (NOC 7382) Commissioned Officers, Armed Forces (NOC 0643) Commissioned Police Officers (NOC 0641) Community and Social Service Workers (NOC 4212) Computer and Information Systems Managers (NOC 0213) Computer Engineers (Except Software Engineers and Designers) (NOC 2147) Computer Network Technicians (NOC 2281) Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers (NOC 2174) Concrete Finishers (NOC 7282) Concrete, Clay and Stone Forming Operators (NOC 9414) Conductors, Composers and Arrangers (NOC 5132) Conference and Event Planners (NOC 1226) Conservation and Fishery Officers (NOC 2224) Conservators and Curators (NOC 5112) Construction Estimators (NOC 2234) Construction Inspectors (NOC 2264) Construction Managers (NOC 0711) Construction Millwrights and Industrial Mechanics (Except Textile) (NOC 7311) Construction Trades Helpers and Labourers (NOC 7611) Contractors and Supervisors, Carpentry Trades (NOC 7215) Contractors and Supervisors, Electrical Trades and Telecommunications Occupations (NOC 7212) Contractors and Supervisors, Heavy Construction Equipment Crews (NOC 7217) Contractors and Supervisors, Mechanic Trades (NOC 7216) Contractors and Supervisors, Metal Forming, Shaping and Erecting Trades (NOC 7214) Contractors and Supervisors, Other Construction Trades, Installers, Repairers and Servicers (NOC 7219) Contractors and Supervisors, Pipefitting Trades (NOC 7213) Cooks (NOC 6242) Correctional Service Officers (NOC 6462) Correspondence, Publication and Related Clerks (NOC 1452) Couriers, Messengers and Door-to-Door Distributors (NOC 1463) Court Clerks (NOC 1443) Court Officers and Justices of the Peace (NOC 1227) Court Recorders and Medical Transcriptionists (NOC 1244) Crane Operators (NOC 7371) Customer Service Representatives – Financial Services (NOC 1433) Customer Service, Information and Related Clerks (NOC 1453) Customs, Ship and Other Brokers (NOC 1236) Dancers (NOC 5134) Data Entry Clerks (NOC 1422) Database Analysts and Data Administrators (NOC 2172) Deck Crew, Water Transport (NOC 7433) Deck Officers, Water Transport (NOC 2273) Delivery and Courier Service Drivers (NOC 7414) Dental Assistants (NOC 3411) Dental Hygienists and Dental Therapists (NOC 3222) Dental Technologists, Technicians and Laboratory Bench Workers (NOC 3223) Dentists (NOC 3113) Denturists (NOC 3221) Desktop Publishing Operators and Related Occupations (NOC 1423) Dietitians and Nutritionists (NOC 3132) Dispatchers and Radio Operators (NOC 1475) Drafting Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2253) Drillers and Blasters – Surface Mining, Quarrying and Construction (NOC 7372) Dry Cleaning and Laundry Occupations (NOC 6681) Dry Cleaning and Laundry Supervisors (NOC 6214) Early Childhood Educators and Assistants (NOC 4214) Economists and Economic Policy Researchers and Analysts (NOC 4162) Editors (NOC 5122) Education Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers (NOC 4166) Educational Counsellors (NOC 4143) Electric Appliance Servicers and Repairers (NOC 7332) Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2241) Electrical and Electronics Engineers (NOC 2133) Electrical Mechanics (NOC 7333) Electrical Power Line and Cable Workers (NOC 7244) Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System) (NOC 7241) Electroencephalographic and Other Diagnostic Technologists, n.e.c. (NOC 3218) Electronic Service Technicians (Household and Business Equipment) (NOC 2242) Electronics Assemblers, Fabricators, Inspectors and Testers (NOC 9483) Elementary and Secondary School Teacher Assistants (NOC 6472) Elementary School and Kindergarten Teachers (NOC 4142) Elevator Constructors and Mechanics (NOC 7318) Employment Counsellors (NOC 4213) Engine Room Crew, Water Transport (NOC 7434) Engineer Officers, Water Transport (NOC 2274) Engineering Inspectors and Regulatory Officers (NOC 2262) Engineering Managers (NOC 0211) Estheticians, Electrologists and Related Occupations (NOC 6482) Executive Assistants (NOC 1222) Executive Housekeepers (NOC 6213) Fabric, Fur and Leather Cutters (NOC 9452) Facility Operation and Maintenance Managers (NOC 0721) Family, Marriage and Other Related Counsellors (NOC 4153) Farm Supervisors and Specialized Livestock Workers (NOC 8253) Farmers and Farm Managers (NOC 8251) Film and Video Camera Operators (NOC 5222) Financial and Investment Analysts (NOC 1112) Financial Auditors and Accountants (NOC 1111) Financial Managers (NOC 0111) Fire Chiefs and Senior Firefighting Officers (NOC 0642) Firefighters (NOC 6262) Fish Plant Workers (NOC 9463) Fishing Masters and Officers (NOC 8261) Fishing Vessel Deckhands (NOC 8441) Fishing Vessel Skippers and Fishermen/women (NOC 8262) Floor Covering Installers (NOC 7295) Food and Beverage Servers (NOC 6453) Food Counter Attendants, Kitchen Helpers and Related Occupations (NOC 6641) Food Service Supervisors (NOC 6212) Forestry Professionals (NOC 2122) Forestry Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2223) Forging Machine Operators (NOC 9512) Foundry Workers (NOC 9412) Funeral Directors and Embalmers (NOC 6272) Furniture and Fixture Assemblers and Inspectors (NOC 9492) Furniture Finishers and Refinishers (NOC 9494) Gas Fitters (NOC 7253) General Farm Workers (NOC 8431) General Office Clerks (NOC 1411) General Practitioners and Family Physicians (NOC 3112) Geological and Mineral Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2212) Geological Engineers (NOC 2144) Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists (NOC 2113) Glass Forming and Finishing Machine Operators and Glass Cutters (NOC 9413) Glaziers (NOC 7292) Government Managers – Economic Analysis, Policy Development and Program Administration (NOC 0412) Government Managers – Education Policy Development and Program Administration (NOC 0413) Government Managers – Health and Social Policy Development and Program Administration (NOC 0411) Grain Elevator Operators (NOC 6234) Graphic Arts Technicians (NOC 5223) Graphic Designers and Illustrators (NOC 5241) Grocery Clerks and Store Shelf Stockers (NOC 6622) Hairstylists and Barbers (NOC 6271) Harvesting Labourers (NOC 8611) Head Nurses and Supervisors (NOC 3151) Health Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers (NOC 4165) Heavy Equipment Operators (Except Crane) (NOC 7421) Heavy-Duty Equipment Mechanics (NOC 7312) Hide and Pelt Processing Workers (NOC 9453) Hotel Front Desk Clerks (NOC 6435) Human Resources Managers (NOC 0112) Image, Social and Other Personal Consultants (NOC 6481) Immigration, Employment Insurance and Revenue Officers (NOC 1228) Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers (NOC 2141) Industrial Butchers and Meat Cutters, Poultry Preparers and Related Workers (NOC 9462) Industrial Designers (NOC 2252) Industrial Electricians (NOC 7242) Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2233) Industrial Instrument Technicians and Mechanics (NOC 2243) Information Systems Analysts and Consultants (NOC 2171) Inspectors and Testers, Fabric, Fur and Leather Products Manufacturing (NOC 9454) Inspectors and Testers, Mineral and Metal Processing (NOC 9415) Inspectors in Public and Environmental Health and Occupational Health and Safety (NOC 2263) Instructors and Teachers of Persons with Disabilities (NOC 4215) Insulators (NOC 7293) Insurance Adjusters and Claims Examiners (NOC 1233) Insurance Agents and Brokers (NOC 6231) Insurance Underwriters (NOC 1234) Insurance, Real Estate and Financial Brokerage Managers (NOC 0121) Interior Designers (NOC 5242) Ironing, Pressing and Finishing Occupations (NOC 6682) Ironworkers (NOC 7264) Janitors, Caretakers and Building Superintendents (NOC 6663) Jewellers, Watch Repairers and Related Occupations (NOC 7344) Journalists (NOC 5123) Judges (NOC 4111) Labourers in Chemical Products Processing and Utilities (NOC 9613) Labourers in Fish Processing (NOC 9618) Labourers in Food, Beverage and Tobacco Processing (NOC 9617) Labourers in Metal Fabrication (NOC 9612) Labourers in Mineral and Metal Processing (NOC 9611) Labourers in Rubber and Plastic Products Manufacturing (NOC 9615) Labourers in Textile Processing (NOC 9616) Labourers in Wood, Pulp and Paper Processing (NOC 9614) Land Survey Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2254) Land Surveyors (NOC 2154) Landscape and Horticulture Technicians and Specialists (NOC 2225) Landscape Architects (NOC 2152) Landscaping and Grounds Maintenance Contractors and Managers (NOC 8255) Landscaping and Grounds Maintenance Labourers (NOC 8612) Lawyers and Quebec Notaries (NOC 4112) Legal Secretaries (NOC 1242) Legislators (NOC 0011) Letter Carriers (NOC 1462) Librarians (NOC 5111) Library and Archive Technicians and Assistants (NOC 5211) Library Clerks (NOC 1451) Library, Archive, Museum and Art Gallery Managers (NOC 0511) Licensed Practical Nurses (NOC 3233) Light Duty Cleaners (NOC 6661) Loan Officers (NOC 1232) Lock and Cable Ferry Operators and Related Occupations (NOC 7435) Logging and Forestry Labourers (NOC 8616) Logging Machinery Operators (NOC 8241) Longshore Workers (NOC 7451) Lumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and Graders (NOC 9436)
Machine Fitters (NOC 7316) Machine Operators and Inspectors, Electrical Apparatus Manufacturing (NOC 9487) Machine Operators, Mineral and Metal Processing (NOC 9411) Machining Tool Operators (NOC 9511) Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors (NOC 7231) Mail, Postal and Related Clerks (NOC 1461) Maitres d’hotel and Hosts/Hostesses (NOC 6451) Managers – Publishing, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and Performing Arts (NOC 0512) Managers in Health Care (NOC 0311) Managers in Social, Community and Correctional Services (NOC 0314) Manufacturing Managers (NOC 0911) Mapping and Related Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2255) Material Handlers (NOC 7452) Mathematicians, Statisticians and Actuaries (NOC 2161) Mechanical Assemblers and Inspectors (NOC 9486) Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians (NOC 2232) Mechanical Engineers (NOC 2132) Medical Laboratory Technicians (NOC 3212) Medical Laboratory Technologists and Pathologists’ Assistants (NOC 3211) Medical Radiation Technologists (NOC 3215) Medical Secretaries (NOC 1243) Medical Sonographers (NOC 3216) Metallurgical and Materials Engineers (NOC 2142) Metalworking Machine Operators (NOC 9514) Meteorological Technicians (NOC 2213) Meteorologists (NOC 2114) Midwives and Practitioners of Natural Healing (NOC 3232) Mine Labourers (NOC 8614) Mining Engineers (NOC 2143) Ministers of Religion (NOC 4154) Motor Vehicle Assemblers, Inspectors and Testers (NOC 9482) Motor Vehicle Body Repairers (NOC 7322) Motorcycle and Other Related Mechanics (NOC 7334) Musicians and Singers (NOC 5133) Natural and Applied Science Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers (NOC 4161) Non-Destructive Testers and Inspectors (NOC 2261) Nurse Aides, Orderlies and Patient Service Associates (NOC 3413) Nursery and Greenhouse Operators and Managers (NOC 8254) Nursery and Greenhouse Workers (NOC 8432) Occupational Therapists (NOC 3143) Occupations Unique to the Armed Forces (NOC 6464) Oil and Gas Drilling, Servicing and Related Labourers (NOC 8615) Oil and Gas Well Drillers, Servicers, Testers and Related Workers (NOC 8232) Oil and Gas Well Drilling Workers and Services Operators (NOC 8412) Oil and Solid Fuel Heating Mechanics (NOC 7331) Operators and Attendants in Amusement, Recreation and Sport (NOC 6671 Opticians (NOC 3231) Optometrists (NOC 3121) Other Administrative Services Managers (NOC 0114) Other Assemblers and Inspectors (NOC 9498) Other Assisting Occupations in Support of Health Services (NOC 3414) Other Attendants in Accommodation and Travel (NOC 6672) Other Business Services Managers (NOC 0123) Other Elemental Sales Occupations (NOC 6623) Other Elemental Service Occupations (NOC 6683) Other Financial Officers (NOC 1114) Other Instructors (NOC 4216) Other Labourers in Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities (NOC 9619) Other Managers in Public Administration (NOC 0414) Other Medical Technologists and Technicians (Except Dental Health) (NOC 3219) Other Metal Products Machine Operators (NOC 9516) Other Performers (NOC 5232) Other Personal Service Occupations (NOC 6484) Other Products Machine Operators (NOC 9517) Other Professional Engineers, n.e.c. (NOC 2148) Other Professional Occupations in Health Diagnosing and Treating (NOC 3123) Other Professional Occupations in Physical Sciences (NOC 2115) Other Professional Occupations in Social Science, n.e.c. (NOC 4169) Other Professional Occupations in Therapy and Assessment (NOC 3144) Other Protective Service Occupations (NOC 6465) Other Religious Occupations (NOC 4217) Other Repairers and Servicers (NOC 7445) Other Service Supervisors (NOC 6216) Other Services Managers (NOC 0651) Other Small Engine and Equipment Mechanics (NOC 7335) Other Technical and Co-ordinating Occupations in Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and the Performing Arts (NOC 5226) Other Technical Occupations in Therapy and Assessment (NOC 3235) Other Trades and Related Occupations (NOC 7383) Other Trades Helpers and Labourers (NOC 7612) Other Wood Processing Machine Operators (NOC 9434) Other Wood Products Assemblers and Inspectors (NOC 9493) Outdoor Sport and Recreational Guides (NOC 6442) Painters and Coaters – Industrial (NOC 9496) Painters and Decorators (NOC 7294) Painters, Sculptors and Other Visual Artists (NOC 5136) Paper Converting Machine Operators (NOC 9435) Papermaking and Coating Control Operators (NOC 9234) Papermaking and Finishing Machine Operators (NOC 9433) Paralegal and Related Occupations (NOC 4211) Patternmakers – Textile, Leather and Fur Products (NOC 5245) Payroll Clerks (NOC 1432) Personnel and Recruitment Officers (NOC 1223) Personnel Clerks (NOC 1442) Pest Controllers and Fumigators (NOC 7444) Pet Groomers and Animal Care Workers (NOC 6483) Petroleum Engineers (NOC 2145) Petroleum, Gas and Chemical Process Operators (NOC 9232) Pharmacists (NOC 3131) Photographers (NOC 5221) Photographic and Film Processors (NOC 9474) Physicists and Astronomers (NOC 2111) Physiotherapists (NOC 3142) Plasterers, Drywall Installers and Finishers and Lathers (NOC 7284) Plastic Products Assemblers, Finishers and Inspectors (NOC 9495) Plastics Processing Machine Operators (NOC 9422) Plating, Metal Spraying and Related Operators (NOC 9497) Plumbers (NOC 7251) Police Officers (Except Commissioned) (NOC 6261) Postal and Courier Services Managers (NOC 0132) Post-Secondary Teaching and Research Assistants (NOC 4122) Power System Electricians (NOC 7243) Power Systems and Power Station Operators (NOC 7352) Primary Production Managers (Except Agriculture) (NOC 0811) Printing Machine Operators (NOC 9471) Printing Press Operators (NOC 7381) Probation and Parole Officers and Related Occupations (NOC 4155) Process Control and Machine Operators, Food and Beverage Processing (NOC 9461) Producers, Directors, Choreographers and Related Occupations (NOC 5131) Production Clerks (NOC 1473) Professional Occupations in Business Services to Management (NOC 1122) Professional Occupations in Public Relations and Communications (NOC 5124) Program Leaders and Instructors in Recreation, Sport and Fitness (NOC 5254) Program Officers Unique to Government (NOC 4168) Property Administrators (NOC 1224) Psychologists (NOC 4151) Public Works and Maintenance Labourers (NOC 7621) Public Works Maintenance Equipment Operators (NOC 7422) Pulp Mill Machine Operators (NOC 9432) Pulping Control Operators (NOC 9233) Purchasing Agents and Officers (NOC 1225) Purchasing and Inventory Clerks (NOC 1474) Purchasing Managers (NOC 0113) Pursers and Flight Attendants (NOC 6432) Railway and Motor Transport Labourers (NOC 7622) Railway and Yard Locomotive Engineers (NOC 7361) Railway Carmen/women (NOC 7314) Railway Conductors and Brakemen/women (NOC 7362) Railway Track Maintenance Workers (NOC 7432) Railway Traffic Controllers and Marine Traffic Regulators (NOC 2275) Railway Yard Workers (NOC 7431) Real Estate Agents and Salespersons (NOC 6232) Receptionists and Switchboard Operators (NOC 1414) Records Management and Filing Clerks (NOC 1413) Recreation, Sports and Fitness Program and Service Directors (NOC 0513) Recreation, Sports and Fitness Program Supervisors and Consultants (NOC 4167) Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanics (NOC 7313) Registered Nurses (NOC 3152) Residential and Commercial Installers and Servicers (NOC 7441) Residential Home Builders and Renovators (NOC 0712) Respiratory Therapists, Clinical Perfusionists and Cardiopulmonary Technologists (NOC 3214) Restaurant and Food Service Managers (NOC 0631) Retail and Wholesale Buyers (NOC 6233) Retail Salespersons and Sales Clerks (NOC 6421) Retail Trade Managers (NOC 0621) Retail Trade Supervisors (NOC 6211) Roofers and Shinglers (NOC 7291) Rubber Processing Machine Operators and Related Workers (NOC 9423) Sales Representatives – Wholesale Trade (Non-Technical)(NOC 6411) Sales, Marketing and Advertising Managers (NOC 0611) Sawmill Machine Operators (NOC 9431) School Principals and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Education (NOC 0313) Secondary School Teachers (NOC 4141) Secretaries (Except Legal and Medical) (NOC 1241) Securities Agents, Investment Dealers and Brokers (NOC 1113) Security Guards and Related Occupations (NOC 6651) Senior Government Managers and Officials (NOC 0012) Senior Managers – Financial, Communications and Other Business Services (NOC 0013) Senior Managers – Goods Production, Utilities, Transportation and Construction (NOC 0016) Senior Managers – Health, Education, Social and Community Services and Membership Organizations (NOC 0014) Senior Managers – Trade, Broadcasting and Other Services, n.e.c. (NOC 0015) Service Station Attendants (NOC 6621) Sewing Machine Operators (NOC 9451) Sheet Metal Workers (NOC 7261) Sheriffs and Bailiffs (NOC 6461) Shippers and Receivers (NOC 1471) Shoe Repairers and Shoemakers (NOC 7343) Silviculture and Forestry Workers (NOC 8422) Social Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers (NOC 4164) Social Workers (NOC 4152) Software Engineers and Designers (NOC 2173) Specialist Physicians (NOC 3111) Specialists in Human Resources (NOC 1121) Specialized Cleaners (NOC 6662) Sports Officials and Referees (NOC 5253) Stationary Engineers and Auxiliary Equipment Operators (NOC 7351) Steamfitters, Pipefitters and Sprinkler System Installers (NOC 7252) Storekeepers and Parts Clerks (NOC 1472) Structural Metal and Platework Fabricators and Fitters (NOC 7263) Supervisors, Electrical Products Manufacturing (NOC 9223) Supervisors, Electronics Manufacturing (NOC 9222) Supervisors, Fabric, Fur and Leather Products Manufacturing (NOC 9225) Supervisors, Finance and Insurance Clerks (NOC 1212) Supervisors, Food, Beverage and Tobacco Processing (NOC 9213) Supervisors, Forest Products Processing (NOC 9215) Supervisors, Furniture and Fixtures Manufacturing (NOC 9224) Supervisors, General Office and Administrative Support Clerks (NOC 1211) Supervisors, Landscape and Horticulture (NOC 8256) Supervisors, Library, Correspondence and Related Information Clerks (NOC 1213) Supervisors, Logging and Forestry (NOC 8211) Supervisors, Machinists and Related Occupations (NOC 7211) Supervisors, Mail and Message Distribution Occupations (NOC 1214) Supervisors, Mineral and Metal Processing (NOC 9211) Supervisors, Mining and Quarrying (NOC 8221) Supervisors, Motor Transport and Other Ground Transit Operators (NOC 7222) Supervisors, Motor Vehicle Assembling (NOC 9221) Supervisors, Oil and Gas Drilling and Service (NOC 8222) Supervisors, Other Mechanical and Metal Products Manufacturing (NOC 9226) Supervisors, Other Products Manufacturing and Assembly (NOC 9227) Supervisors, Petroleum, Gas and Chemical Processing and Utilities (NOC 9212) Supervisors, Plastic and Rubber Products Manufacturing (NOC 9214) Supervisors, Printing and Related Occupations (NOC 7218) Supervisors, Railway Transport Operations (NOC 7221) Supervisors, Recording, Distributing and Scheduling Occupations (NOC 1215) Supervisors, Textile Processing (NOC 9216) Support Occupations in Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and the Performing Arts (NOC 5227) Survey Interviewers and Statistical Clerks (NOC 1454) Systems Testing Technicians (NOC 2283) Tailors, Dressmakers, Furriers and Milliners (NOC 7342) Taxi and Limousine Drivers and Chauffeurs (NOC 7413) Technical Occupations Related to Museums and Art Galleries (NOC 5212) Technical Sales Specialists – Wholesale Trade (NOC 6221) Telecommunication Carriers Managers (NOC 0131) Telecommunications Installation and Repair Workers (NOC 7246) Telecommunications Line and Cable Workers (NOC 7245) Telephone Operators (NOC 1424) Testers and Graders, Food and Beverage Processing (NOC 9465) Textile Dyeing and Finishing Machine Operators (NOC 9443) Textile Fibre and Yarn Preparation Machine Operators (NOC 9441) Textile Inspectors, Graders and Samplers (NOC 9444) Textile Machinery Mechanics and Repairers (NOC 7317) Theatre, Fashion, Exhibit and Other Creative Designers (NOC 5243) Ticket Agents, Cargo Service Representatives and Related Clerks (Except Airline) (NOC 6434) Tilesetters (NOC 7283) Tobacco Processing Machine Operators (NOC 9464) Tool and Die Makers (NOC 7232) Tour and Travel Guides (NOC 6441) Translators, Terminologists and Interpreters (NOC 5125) Transportation Managers (NOC 0713) Transportation Route and Crew Schedulers (NOC 1476) Trappers and Hunters (NOC 8442) Travel Counsellors (NOC 6431) Truck Drivers (NOC 7411) Underground Mine Service and Support Workers (NOC 8411) Underground Production and Development Miners (NOC 8231) University Professors (NOC 4121) Upholsterers (NOC 7341) Urban and Land Use Planners (NOC 2153) User Support Technicians (NOC 2282) Utilities Managers (NOC 0912) Veterinarians (NOC 3114) Veterinary and Animal Health Technologists and Technicians (NOC 3213) Visiting Homemakers, Housekeepers and Related Occupations (NOC 6471) Water and Waste Plant Operators (NOC 9424) Water Well Drillers (NOC 7373) Waterworks and Gas Maintenance Workers (NOC 7442) Weavers, Knitters and Other Fabric-Making Occupations (NOC 9442) Web Designers and Developers (NOC 2175) Welders and Related Machine Operators (NOC 7265) Woodworking Machine Operators (NOC 9513)